Monday, May 18, 2009



Cosmetology (from Greek κοσμητικός, kosmētikos, "skilled in adornment"; and -λογία, -logia) is the study and application of beauty treatment. Branches of specialty including hairstyling, skin care, cosmetics, manicures/pedicures, and electrology.

 Types of cosmetology

Hair stylist

A hair stylist specializes in the styling of hair, including cutting and chemical services (such as relaxers, texturizers, perms, and color, as well as restorative treatments).

Shampoo technician

A shampoo technician shampoos and conditions a client's hair in preparation for the hair stylist. A shampoo tech may assist with rinsing permanent waves, and shampooing color and chemical relaxers out of the hair after processing. Shampoo techs are normally only employed by corporate or concept salons and large-volume beauty salons that are operated simultaneously. In some states, a shampoo tech must have a cosmetology permit. This is usually a temporary position, held by a person who is newly licensed with little or no experience..


A manicure is a cosmetic treatment for the fingernails or hands. The word "manicure" derives from Latin: Manus for hand, cura for "care." When performed on the feet, such a treatment is called a pedicure.

Many manicures start by soaking the hands or feet in a softening substance, followed by the application of lotion. A common type of manicure involves shaping the nails and applying nail polish. A manicure may also include the application of artificial nail tips, acrylics, or artificial nail gels. Some manicures can include the painting of pictures or designs on the nails, or applying small decals or imitation jewels.

In many areas, manicurists are licensed and follow regulations. Since skin is manipulated and sometimes even trimmed during a manicure, there is a certain risk of spreading infection when the tools are used on many different people. Therefore, sanitation is a serious concern.